Making Maple Syrup: Tapping, Processing, & Canning

I’ve been having a hard time keeping up with writing recently because we are in the thick of maple syrup season! Today, I am hoping to give you a brief overview of the sugaring process. It takes a bit to fall into a rhythm that fits with the rest of your life schedule, but the sticky, sweet, delicious results are well worth the effort.

Making Maple Syrup(On the left, last year’s Grade A golden maple syrup. On the right, this year’s Grade B dark maple syrup. We actually like Grade B better.Β  It’s all a matter of taste preference!)

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If you’re not sure whether you have what you need to get started sugaring, read my beginner’s checklist for making maple syrup. Once you’re sure that you have the trees, the taps, and a way to collect and boil the sap, read on. πŸ™‚

Step one: Tapping

First, you have to access all that delicious sap. You’ll need spiles, tubing, and a corresponding wood drill bit. You want a bit that’s just slightly smaller than the spile is at its wide point, so that the spile fits snugly into the tree. Measure accordingly. (Ours was 5/8″.) Drill your hole & insert your spile, perhaps with a little gentle tapping to help it fit securely. Disclaimer: my hubby always does this part each year, so you’ll have to direct any questions about it to him. πŸ˜‰March 2015 060

Here’s our spile sitting snugly in our maple tree.

Step Two: Collecting

You can use any number of different collection containers. Last year, we used well-washed milk jugs, and this year, we switched to plastic five-gallon buckets with lids so we wouldn’t have so much overflow. Whatever container you use, make sure the sap will flow into it without spillage. We use inexpensive tubing to channel the sap from spile to bucket. Some spiles have hooks to hang the bucket on directly so you don’t need the tubing. Here’s what our current set-up looks like:

March 2015 065One bucket hanging from a nail on the tree. We probably should remove the nail and let it sit on the ground so we don’t damage the tree as much though!

March 2015 069Two taps headed to one bucket for easier collection. If you have enough tubing, you can connect multiple trees this way. (Note also this bucket is on the ground, so we avoid nailing into the tree.)

Step Three: Boiling

Each day, we go collect whatever sap is in the buckets and bring it up to the house for boiling down into syrup. We have a couple of different methods for doing this:

1) Crock pots- While crock pots don’t boil the sap very efficiently, they DO allow you to begin cooking the sap without needing to watch it carefully. We put a couple of large crock pots on our porch (without the lids) to begin slowly cooking the sap. This is also a good holding place for the sap until we can get to boiling it down further.

March 2015 059

2) Indoor boiling- Definitely not the preferred method. Last year we boiled most of our sap in a roasting pan over two burners. It turns your house into a rainforest. The walls don’t like that much moisture, nor does the furniture. But if you don’t have any other options, it will do- just open the windows, turn on the fans, and hope for the best. πŸ™‚ (Note: we DO bring our sap indoors to finish it when it’s close to the end. I just don’t recommend doing it for hours on end for weeks at a time.)

3) Wood stove boiling- This year, my husband put together a makeshift evaporator from an old, rusty wood stove, a bit of chimney, and a big tin can for a cap. We purchased two largeΒ steam pans to place directly on top of the stove to hold the syrup. This was MUCH better than indoor boiling, but still not extremely efficient.

march 2015 maple syrup 007

4) Cinder block evaporator- This is by far the best method we’ve used so far. My husband made a simple rectangle out of cinder blocks on our driveway, built a fire inside of it, and hung our steam pans (plus a roasting pan) on the edges so they are directly over the flames. We’ve been able to boil down 25 gallons of sap in an afternoon this way- not too bad for not having a real evaporator!

March 2015 more syrup 008

Here’s the set up- my hubby builds a fire underneath, then closes the two front cinder blocks.

March 2015 more syrup 018Here are three pans boiling away! This really did the job well for us.

Whatever your method, you’ve got to boil the sap down til it develops a golden/amber color and gets nice and bubbly. We usually bring it inside for finishing on the stove top at this point. This is when you really need to watch the sap. It will boil over on you if you’re not careful! If the bubbles keep trying to escape from the pot, throw in a pat of butter. It will keep it from the party to a reasonable level of wild.

Start checking the temperature with a candy thermometer frequently. It must reach 219 F, or 7 degrees above boiling if you live at high altitudes. Once it is 219, it’s done! (It might not look very syrupy right now, but it will thicken some as it cools.)

March 2015 more syrup 016

What happens if you overcook your maple syrup? You get maple candy. Or taffy. Or sugar. Or burnt blackness. It’s worth paying attention at the end to make sure you get what you looking for!

Step four: Canning

The nicest part of maple syrup canning is that you don’t have to process the jars in a water bath canner at all. Phew, one less step! When your maple syrup is getting towards the end, sanitize your canning jars, lids, and rings. (BTW, the jars in this link are overpriced because of shipping costs. See if your local hardware or grocery store carries them first.) To sanitize, put the clean jars in your oven at 200 F for 20 mins, and put the lids and rings in very hot/simmering water for the same time.

Once the syrup reaches 219, take it off the heat. Ladle it into your hot and sterilized jars, leaving 1/4″ head space at the top. Place lids and rings securely, and turn your jars upside down for 30 seconds to make sure the lid is quite hot. Turn right side up and let cool. The jars will seal themselves without processing! Thanks to my awesome master food preserver cousin for confirming this miracle for me.

Step Five: Eat it.

Admittedly, the easiest step. Maple sugaring is a lot of work, but it’s such a fun project! It’s less expensive than purchasing real maple syrup, and MUCH tastier and healthier than the corn syrup “maple” flavored products in the store.

If you’ve got maple trees, give it a shot! Let me know if you have any questions along the way- we are still learning, but I’ll do my best to answer!

This post contains affiliate links. If you make any purchase through one of the links, I will receive a small commission at no extra cost to you. Thank you in advance for supporting my little blog!

6 thoughts on “Making Maple Syrup: Tapping, Processing, & Canning

  1. bobbi dougherty

    How much syrup, on average, do you get each year? I would love to do this one day. We live in FL though and Maple trees don;t really do well here, lol.

    1. Abi Post author

      Last year, we had 16 taps and got over 4 gallons of syrup during the season. (We might have had more, but accidentally burned a couple batches!) It’s definitely enough to keep our family in syrup all year, plus some to give away too. If you ever move north you’ll have to try it! πŸ™‚

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